… describe the historical consciousness among Ukrainian teenagers – Romaans non-Roma – as extremely low: “They really do not know anything about this story.”
G.S. asked 12 of his fellow students to ask their relatives what they know about the genocide of Roma. All had responded that the relatives would probably hear the one or the other story, usually on the extermination of Jews and “gypsies” in Auschwitz. Only one fellow student told that heknows about the deportation of Romanian Roma, because the family then lived in a village, in which the Roma were brought.
G.S. ’relativeshave few memories of the war years, the few survivors were then children and can only rudimentary remember that Romanian Roma have been abused by Romanians and Germans
In addition, G. S. and E. B.write about the juridical term “genocide”, and describe various resolutions and conventions of the United Nations. Since 1951 the term “genocide” constitutes an international legal concept. Have a look here: https://treaties.un.org/doc/Publication/UNTS/Volume%2078/volume-78-I-1021-English.pdf
G.S. and E. B. deal with the various methods of killings in particular by German special commands and “Einsatzgruppen”, who specifically looked for Roma to shoot them. Another instrument of genocide was the deportation of Roma and Jews to extermination camps.
In their home region, the then Romanian territories around Odessa and Nikolaev region, then called “Transnistria”, another form of genocide was carried out: The deported Roma died mainly from hunger, disease and deprivation.
Reliable numbers on the total victims of the genocide of Roma did not exist – historians vary from 400,000 to 2.5 millions.
The motives for the genocide situates are the self-examination of the German fascists as only real Aryans in Europe who felt superior to other ‘races’ – but that is purely nonsense because the Roma, as the “Aryans”, their origin were also in the Indo-European language area.
Another theory of the time was that Roma “anti-social elements” represented. In Romania, Roma were defamed as a threat to the “purity” of the nation.